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Drug And Alcohol Information

Crack Cocaine​

Know how crack cocaine can affect

Crack Cocaine

Crack Cocaine is a stimulant type illicit drug that works similarly to Cocaine but has a quicker, stronger, and more addictive effect. The drug crack cocaine is made up of big clumps and is known under many street names that are akin to the shape of the drug. Some examples of the names being: Candy or Rock Candy, Rocks, Nuggets, Hail, Sleet, or Dice. The drug provides a Euphoric  “rush” to the user and usually leaves the person with a craving for more after the “rush” subsides. This craving for crack cocaine is what causes a lot of individuals commit crimes to supply their habit that is developed. 

Crack Cocaine

Signs & Symptoms

crack cocaine substance abuse in america | Addiction treatment Helper
Crack Cocaine use can lead to very strong mental issues and substance abuse problems.

Signs of crack cocaine Use

Users of the drug crack cocaine can experience a multitude of different behavioral effects related to the addictive nature of crack. Some will experience aggression and volatile mood swings, persistent thoughts about crack cocaine and will have strong cravings for it which can lead to a tendency to put obtaining the drug at high priority while disregarding their finances, relationships and other aspects of their life. An inability to stop is also common among those who use the drug long-term.

When experiencing an overdose one can find themselves experiencing itchiness, cold sweats, or an irregular heartbeat. The symptoms can also be severe in some cases and cause the user to experience a cardiac arrest or stroke, seizures, psychosis, or even coughing up black phlegm.

Using crack cocaine for extended periods of time can also cause psychosis. This usually occurs when an individual has been using crack cocaine for a period of days without any sleep. This can cause hallucinations, paranoia, and unpredictable actions. Medical attention is needed right away if this is occurring. 

Crack is usually preceded by cocaine use. Once the cocaine is not providing the same effect that it used to when the individual first started using cocaine. 

In the long-term, individuals that use crack cocaine can expect to experience a variety of effects such as irritability, depression, anxiety, and frequent headaches.

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Crack Cocaine

Effects on the Body

Due to the addictive effects of the drug, most users will experience an intense craving after their “high” subsides which can lead to further use, and in the long-term, an addiction to crack cocaine. While under the effects of crack cocaine a person under the influence of crack cocaine will enter an excited state that will cause the pupils to dilate and the heart rate to increase while decreasing the individual’s appetite.

In the long-term, individuals that use crack cocaine can expect to experience a variety of effects such as irritability, depression, anxiety, and frequent headaches. Among the effects are some severe ones like delirium and an increased tolerance leading to increased doses, but among even them are psychotic symptoms that can cause extreme auditory and/or tactile hallucinations and/ or paranoid delusions. Death through heart attacks and or strokes is also known to happen to long-term users of the drug crack cocaine.

The effects of the drugs can last from 5-15 minutes and in tests can last for different lengths of time depending on the test. For saliva it’s 24-48 hours, blood is one day, urine can be 1-4 days, and hair can be traced for up to 90 days.

Crack Cocaine

National Statistics



Will be seen by 12 yrs or older



Will be seen by 12yrs to 17yrs



Will be seen by 18yrs to 25yrs

Crack Cocaine

Effects on America

In a study in 2018 called the “National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Trends in Prevalence of Various Drugs for Ages 12 or Older, Ages 12 to 17, Ages 18 to 25, and Ages 26 or Older” the tracked the statistical changes in the prevalence of drug use in the respective age groups, including crack cocaine.

Over the lifetime the saw that ages 12 or Older will see a 3.40% change, ages 12 to 17 will see a 0.10% change, ages 18 to 25 will see a 1.00% change, and ages 26 or Older will see a 4.10% change in prevalence.

Over the past year during the study they recorded that ages 12 or Older saw a 0.30% change, ages 12 to 17 saw a 0% change, ages 18 to 25 saw a 0.30% change, and ages 26 or Older saw a 0.30% change. Over the past month during the study the recorded that ages 12 or Older saw a 0.20% change, 12 to 17 had low precision so no estimate was reported, ages 18 to 25 saw a 0.10% change, and ages 26 or Older saw a 0.20% change.

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