Addiction treatment helper
Opioids are narcotic drugs used for the treatment of persistent and chronic pain, backaches, pains associated with cancer after surgery and accidents. But the continued use of opioids often create a dependence in the body system; that is, the brain tells the body that it can no longer survive or deal with pain without the drug. When this happens, discontinuing usage of the drug would lead to withdrawal symptoms, and then one would have to take the drug once again. This time, an even greater dose of opioids would be required to calm the body down. When these entire things take place, the individual has grown opioid dependence — that is, has become addicted to the drug.
Some of the following signs would be observed when a person is gradually becoming addicted to opioid:
When a person indulges in high quantities of opioid intake, then the following are likely to be experienced:
Different types of opioids stay in the body for different time intervals. Also, these drugs stay in different parts of the body for different durations. For example, opioids can be detected in the saliva for a maximum of 36 hours, stay in the urine for up to 3 days, and the hair for up to 90 days.
How long opioids stay in the body is also dependent on the type of opioid in question. Oxycodon, Vicodin and other drugs containing hydrocodone can stay in the body system for up to three days. OxyContin, an extended-release version of oxycodone, can stay in the body for 8-12 hours. Heroin stays for only some minutes although traces of it can be detected for up to 3 days. Morphine can be detected for 2-3 days.
A person whose system has grown dependence for opioids would suffer some symptoms when they try to stay without the drug for some time. These symptoms may include any of the following:
Opioid withdrawal has been said to be fatally dangerous. It can last from 3 to 10 days, according to the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). Being that dangerous, it is not recommended stopping using the drug without medical supervision. Trying to quit has even led to increased cravings for the drug to calm the withdrawal effects. The best and safest way to stop opioid use is by having medication to alleviate the withdrawal symptoms of opioid. Medications used typically include methadone and buprenorphine. Although craving for the drug does not reduce, another medication known as clonidine may also be included in the treatment to help suppress anxiety, agitation, muscle aches, sweating, runny nose and cramping. Other medications can also be used for alleviating diarrhea, nausea and sleeplessness.
Because of the withdrawal symptoms of opioids, the best treatment for opioid addiction is by medication-assisted therapy. This program includes the use of medicines, counselling and therapy. Residential and hospital-based treatment is also another opioid treatment option.
The medicine used for treating opioid misuse and addiction is methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone.
Methadone and buprenorphine decrease the withdrawal symptoms and cravings by restoring balance to the parts of the brain affected by the opioid. This helps the brain to heal as the patient recovers from the addiction.
Naloxone may also be combined with buprenorphine. Naloxone is used basically to treat opioid overdose, and so taking naloxone alongside buprenorphine helps to prevent misuse of the latter.
On the other hand, naltrexone removes the feeling of highness caused by opioids, and this helps to avoid a relapse when you get off opioids.
Note that you have to be off opioids for at least seven days before taking naltrexone. If not, there could be severe withdrawal symptoms.
Getting counseling and psychological support can help you learn a healthy lifestyle, change your attitude towards opioids, and offer you support in sticking with your medication and avoiding relapse.
The counseling can take the form of:
Therapies are an important and highly effective way to treat opioid addiction as well as all other forms of addictions. They are combined with medications to give medical-assisted therapy. Therapies include but are not limited to:
This is another method of treating opioid addiction. It is a medical-based approach where your system is cleansed of every trace of the drug, and you are offered medications to help suppress the withdrawal symptoms.
As with alcohol addiction, opioid addicts can also find help and treatment by joining support groups which engage in the 12-Steps by Alcoholics Anonymous, for the purpose of helping the members stay away from the substance.
Opioid treatment can also be carried out by confining the patient in an inpatient rehab where they’re detoxed and treated until full recovery, or in an outpatient rehab program where they obtain scheduled treatment while still living their normal lives.
All these treatment programs for opioid addiction and abuse are well-structured to ensure that the patient recovers fully, and all-round well-being is achieved. However, recovery starts with the individual. If you have been involved in the use of opioid and are observing any of the symptoms, endeavor to seek help by notifying a loved one or a medical professional.
have benzos in their medicine cabinets
have abused benzodiazepines
Who abused benzos became addicted.
Addiction Center (n.d). What Are My Addiction Treatment Options? Retrieved February 25, 2020, from https://www.addictioncenter.com/treatment/
MedlinePlus: Opioid Misuse and Addiction Treatment. Retrieved February 27, 2020, from https://medlineplus.gov/opioidmisuseandaddictiontreatment.html
DrugRehab.Com: How Long Do Opiates & Opioids Stay in Your System? Retrieved February 27, 2020, from https://www.drugrehab.com/how-long-do-opioids-stay-in-your-system/
AddictionCentre: 12-Step Programs. Retrieved February 27, 2020 https://www.staging.addictioncenter.com/treatment/12-step-programs/
Addiction Treatment Helper is here to do just that. Help. We find addiction treatment centers that provide top quality addiction treatment services that are ethical.